PHOENIX – The Navajo Nation and the U.S. Department of Justice have entered into a $600 million settlement agreement targeted at cleaning up 94 abandoned uranium mines on the Navajo reservation.
Bills pending in the General Assembly would award $1.45 million in compensation to a man wrongly convicted of a 1982 rape and murder in Newport News and $1 million to a man convicted of two 1987 arson deaths in Roanoke.
Harvey Watkins Booker is a name like 58,000 others: inscribed in the black granite wall of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
Organ transplants in the U.S. reached a record high in 2016 — an unexpected consequence of the national opioid epidemic’s rising death toll.
CHICAGO -- The Chicago Police Department engages in a pattern or practice of using force, including deadly force, in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution, the U.S. Justice Department said in a report released Friday.
WASHINGTON – A new federal study raises concerns that marijuana use may cause schizophrenia and possibly trigger heart attacks.The study was released this week by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.“For years the landscape of marijuana use has been rapidly shifting as more and more states are legalizing cannabis for the treatment of medical conditions and recreational use,” said Marie McCormick, chair of the committee.“This growing acceptance, accessibility, and use of cannabis and its derivatives have raised important public health concerns. Moreover, the lack of any aggregated knowledge of cannabis-related health effects has led to uncertainty about what, if any, are the harms or benefits from its use. ....”McCormick is professor of pediatrics, Harvard Medical School. The committee said the study “offers a rigorous review of scientific research published since 1999 about what is known about the health impacts of cannabis and cannabis-derived products – such as marijuana and active chemical compounds known as cannabinoids – ranging from their therapeutic effects to their risks for causing certain cancers, diseases, mental health disorders, and injuries. “Currently, cannabis is the most popular illicit drug in the United States, in terms of past-month users. Based on a recent nationwide survey, 22.2 million Americans ages 12 and older reported using cannabis in the past 30 days. This survey also reports that 90 percent of adult cannabis users in the United States said their primary use was recreational, with about 10 percent reporting use solely for medical purposes. Around 36 percent reported mixed medical and recreational use. In addition, between 2002 and 2015, the percentage of past-month cannabis users in the U.S. population ages 12 and older has increased steadily from 6.2 percent to 8.3 percent.Some of the key findings of the study:The evidence reviewed by the committee suggests that “cannabis use is likely to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia, other psychoses, and social anxiety disorders, and to a lesser extent depression.” Alternatively, in individuals with schizophrenia and other psychoses, a history of cannabis use may be linked to better performance on learning and memory tasks. Heavy cannabis users are more likely to report thoughts of suicide than non-users, and in individuals with bipolar disorder, near-daily cannabis users show increased symptoms of the disorder than non-users.The committee said that more research is needed to determine whether and how cannabis use is associated with heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. However, some evidence suggests that cannabis smoking may trigger a heart attack.One of the therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids is to treat chronic pain in adults. The committee found evidence to support that patients who were treated with cannabis or cannabinoids were more likely to experience a significant reduction in pain symptoms. For adults with multiple sclerosis-related muscle spasms, there was substantial evidence that short-term use of certain “oral cannabinoids” – man-made, cannabinoid-based medications that are orally ingested – improved their reported symptoms. Furthermore, in adults with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, there was conclusive evidence that certain oral cannabinoids were effective in preventing and treating those ailments.Evidence suggests that cannabis use prior to driving increases the risk of being involved in a motor vehicle accident. Furthermore, evidence suggests that in states where cannabis use is legal, there is increased risk of unintentional cannabis overdose injuries among children. In one study, ingestion was the most common route of unintentional pediatric exposure, accounting for 78 percent of all incidents. Another study reported that from 2000 to 2013, the annual rate of poison center calls related to cannabis exposures among children younger than 6 years of age was 2.82 times higher in states that had legalized medical cannabis prior to 2000 than in states where medical cannabis remained illegal as of 2013. The committee called for more research to determine whether and how cannabis use is associated with death or with occupational injury.Regarding the link between marijuana and cancer, the committee found evidence that suggests smoking cannabis does not increase the risk for cancers often associated with tobacco use – such as lung and head and neck cancers. The committee also found limited evidence that cannabis use is associated with one sub-type of testicular cancer and insufficient evidence that cannabis use by a mother or father during pregnancy leads to a greater risk of cancers.The evidence reviewed by the committee suggests that smoking cannabis on a regular basis is associated with more frequent chronic bronchitis episodes and worse respiratory symptoms, such as chronic cough and phlegm production, but quitting cannabis smoking is likely to reduce these conditions. The committee stated that it is unclear whether cannabis use is associated with certain respiratory diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, or worsened lung capacity.There is a lack of data on the effects of cannabis or cannabinoid-based therapeutics on the human immune system, as well as insufficient data to draw overarching conclusions concerning the effects of cannabis smoke or cannabinoids on immune competence, the committee stated. There is also insufficient evidence to support or refute a statistical association between cannabis or cannabinoid use and adverse effects on immune status in individuals with HIV. Nevertheless, limited evidence suggests that regular exposure to cannabis smoke may have anti-inflammatory activity.The evidence reviewed by the committee suggests that with greater frequency of cannabis use, there is an increased likelihood of developing problem cannabis use. There is also evidence to suggest that initiating cannabis use at a younger age increases the likelihood of developing problem cannabis use.The committee found limited evidence that cannabis use increases the rate of initiating other drug use, primarily the use of tobacco. However, the committee found moderate evidence to suggest that there is a link between cannabis use and the development of substance dependence and/or a substance abuse disorder for substances including alcohol, tobacco, and other illicit drugs.The committee found that learning, memory, and attention are impaired after immediate cannabis use. Limited evidence suggests that there are impairments in cognitive domains of learning, memory, and attention in individuals who have stopped smoking cannabis. In addition, there is limited evidence to suggest that cannabis use is related to impairments in subsequent academic achievement and education as well as social relationships and social roles. Adolescence and young adulthood are when most youth begin to experiment with substances of abuse, including cannabis, and it is during these periods that the neural layers that underlie the development of cognition are most active. The committee also found limited evidence of an association between cannabis use and increased rates of unemployment and low income. Smoking cannabis during pregnancy is linked to lower birth weight in the offspring, some evidence suggests. However, the relationship with other pregnancy and childhood outcomes is unclear.In addition to recommending more research on the beneficial and harmful effects of cannabis and cannabinoid use, the committee emphasized several challenges and barriers in conducting such research. For instance, specific regulatory barriers, including the classification of cannabis as a Schedule I substance, impede the advancement of research. Researchers also often find it difficult to gain access to the quantity, quality, and type of cannabis product necessary to address specific research questions. The committee said a diverse network of funders is needed to support cannabis and cannabinoid research. The study was sponsored by Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority, Arizona Department of Health Services, California Department of Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), CDC Foundation, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Mat-Su Health Foundation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health National Institute on Drug Abuse, Oregon Health Authority, Robert W. Woodruff Foundation, The Colorado Health Foundation, Truth Initiative, and Washington State Department of Health. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are private, nonprofit institutions that provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions related to science, technology, and medicine. The National Academies operate under an 1863 congressional charter to the National Academy of Sciences, signed by President Lincoln.
SAN DIEGO – In a major bribery scheme that included a U.S. Navy admiral and at least $20 million in over-charges, a Navy lieutenant commander has been sentenced to 30 months in prison for accepting cash, hotel expenses and the services of a prostitute from foreign defense contractor.
President Barack Obama on Thursday proclaimed as a national monument the former bus station in Anniston and the site on Alabama 202 west of town where Freedom Riders were attacked in 1961, sparking nationwide sympathy for the civil rights movement.
WASHINGTON – The Justice Department’s inspector general announced Thursday that he will initiate a review of allegations regarding certain actions by the Department of Justice (Department) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in advance of the 2016 election.
BALTIMORE -- The Justice Department announced Thursday that it has entered into a court enforceable agreement with the city of Baltimore to resolve the department’s findings that the city’s police department engages in a pattern and practice of conduct that violates the First, Fourth and 14th Amendments of the Constitution as well as federal anti-discrimination laws.
NEW YORK --President-elect Donald J. Trump has selected a holdover from the Obama Administration to be head the VA and “lead the turnaround” of the much criticized agency.
With just a week left before President Barack Obama leaves office, local officials on Wednesday were waiting to learn whether he will create a national monument from two Anniston-area sites tied to the Freedom Rides.
TALLADEGA — Talladega College President Billy Hawkins confirms in a press release this morning that the Marching Tornadoes will participate in the 58th Presidential Inaugural Parade.
CNN reported late Wednesday evening that school president Dr. Billy C. Hawkins was not on campus or even in Alabama, but was instead meeting with the college board of trustees in Orlando, Fla. Talladega College officials did not give an updated timeline for when to expect a final decision.
TALLADEGA -- The Rev. Hugh Morris, president of the Talladega County Chapter of the NAACP, is asking more people to add their voices to those opposing the Talladega College Marching Tornadoes participation in the inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump.
Thousands of firefighters, police and emergency medical personnel who trained with deadly toxins at a federal training facility in Anniston for years wore respirator masks that weren’t certified for that use, according to the U.S. Army.
TALLADEGA -- It appears the Talladega College Marching Tornadoes band has been invited to participate in President-elect Donald Trump’s inauguration on Jan. 20, but college officials are not confirming and social media is offering a mixed response on whether the band should perform.
It was unclear Thursday if Anniston Army Depot had ever supplied Lebanon with the type of M113 armored carriers Israel is alleging are being used by Hezbollah militants.